China and re-globalisation: Strategies for Africa

Africa’s economy – premature deindustrialisation 

Between 1960 and 2010, 18 per cent of the workforce flowing out of the agricultural sector went into the industry, 88 per cent of whom found employment in the manufacturing industry. But the African manufacturing industry is dominated by informal small enterprises, which have low productivity due to their technological standards, market relationships and financial resources. Therefore, despite growing workforce, the industry’s contribution to the GDP increased only slightly in 2010 compared to 1960: from 24.3 per cent to 27.8 per cent. 

China and re-globalisation: Strategies for Africa

Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a political theory serving as the principal guiding Chinese ideology since the Deng Xiaoping period. This is a strategy of adopting elements of market economics as a mechanism to increase productivity and foster growth while the Communist Party retains both its formal commitment to achieve communism and its monopoly on political power. This new formulation includes the establishment of a common destiny between Chinese people and other people around the world within a peaceful global environment characterised by a win-win approach to commerce and international relations.


In Sylodium’s system as in a chain link game, bilateral trade is transferred to triangular trade and from this to circuits business that are interwoven with other circuits generating new business opportunities

You can create your own circuit, or route inside Sylodium’s system as China – Africa AI CYBERNETICS, SHENZHEN – Singapore - SADC Shipping Business, SHANGHAI – Dubai - IGAD trade routes, Ningbo –Nairobi – Cape Town - West Africa Shipping global, China South – Middle West - Kenya Shipping 4.0, China – India - IGAD coordinated routes 4.0.

Already connecting Africa

The African leg of the Belt and Road Initiative is work in progress. China says it will hold ongoing discussions with various countries and make decisions based on consensus as well as the economic, social and political feasibility of individual projects. Some of the countries  include Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Egypt.

This will cement China’s role as Africa’s main trading partner, a space it’s occupied since overtaking the US in 2009. Between 2010 and 2015,

It’s important to point out that the Belt and Road Initiative will not be starting entirely from scratch. China has already provided significant help in improving connectivity and developing infrastructure in countries set to benefit from the initiative.

For example, China supported the Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway. The Export-

Import Bank of China provided commercial loans that funded 85% of Ethiopia’s and 70% of Djibouti’s contributions.

China is also responsible for constructing the Madaraka Express which connects the Kenyan port of Mombasa to the capital city Nairobi, a distance of 489 km. There are plans to extend it even further so that it eventually interconnects Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and, much later, South Sudan and Ethiopia.

One Belt One Road towards a China-led HE area?

Just as OBOR – shorthand for the Silk Road Economic Belt from China to Europe in the North and the Maritime Silk Road crossing between Asia and East Africa to the South, covering some 65 countries in all – has the potential to reshape international trade as it connects economies along its route, it also has the potential to reshape global higher education, said Marijk van der Wende, professor of the faculty of law, economics and governance at Utrecht University, Netherlands. 

“From the beginning the research and innovation dimension of the Belt and Road initiative has been built into this process, in particular through a plan for

international technology.”

“It could be the building block for a global research area because it includes countries not always included,” said Wim van den Doel, a member of the executive board of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, NWO. “OBOR can connect China to the world,”

Rexiology of Zriforx (B – C)

X axis (Ontology)

X1: Logical order. X2 Distinguished. X3 crosses, uses. X4 surprises of uses. X5 new monads, Qes. REPRODUCTIONS

Y axis (Reality)

Parts down, Species in the left bottom, Categories yy entities towards the right bottom, horizontal time and circular between the Z axis (History and here and now) and the R axis (next and future) and in the X axis, the phenomenon the right of the fact, until it deca in fact and return to begin. Y2 Coincidences, discrepancies. Y3 Participation perfectly regulated and fair to the extent possible, readjustable. Y4 ZriForx - Appendices - Money. Y5 new internet. HW-SW. GLOBAL AWARENESS

Z axis (Potentaility)

Z1 Trojan horse in Google. among all. Z2 Blockchain, PayPal, Google, LinkedIN, RRSS, and algorithms from different sciences and research towards the knowledge of virtual reality, although not only virtual. Z3 small, large, médium Z4 Solve absurd or useless discrepancies. Z5 Internet, network networks, Google search engine, non-browser, Zriforx, all in one.

R axis (moments)

R1 individuals, Alibaba, Wikipedia, Bitcoin, Facebook, LinkedIn, Google, Yahoo…. R2 species. Businesses Platforms, Social Netoworks, CHATS, Organizations, Blogs… R3, genres, Knowledge, Behavior, Language, Exchange. R4 Relations System R5 Future, in our hands with our Complete System of search, found, study, improve, invent, etc.

Everybody is in FIR

Industrial revolution – from the steam engine to artificial intelligence 

The new era called Industry 4.0 is characterised by such inventions and research directions as artificial intelligence, robotics, the Internet of Things (IoT – internet-based connectivity of various devices, objects), autonomous vehicles, 3D printing, nanotechnology, biotechnology, materials science, energy storage, and quantum computing

On the one hand, this is the result of applying robotics in manufacturing, as “smart equipment” communicates with the environment while continuously measuring various parameters of the process, making the adjustment of production during the process easier, if necessary.

The growing volume of data also allows of better adaptation to customers’ needs. The Internet and 3D printing, for example, liberalise access to technology, making the decentralisation of production possible. vThat is, in the present stage of the industrial revolution it is becoming more and more possible to establish small plants producing cheaply and flexibly. 

Thus, the FIR offers several opportunities, but it also entails risks.