China’s role in African infrastructure 4.0

China’s role in African infrastructure and capital projects

IF you want to prosper, first build roads, says a Chinese proverb.1 This certainly appears to hold true in Africa. The continent should build many roads, railways, ports, and power plants, as large infrastructure gaps remain an obstacle to growth, investment and economic diversification.

Recent estimates by the African Development Bank (AfDB) put the continent’s minimum infrastructure needs – for countries to sustain the growth of their economies, population, income level and replace ageing infrastructure – at US$130bn to US$170bn per annum. At least half of that requirement is currently unfunded

Investment in infrastructure and capital projects (I&CP) can be essential to diversify economies and promote private sector activity and industrialisation, ensuring enough jobs are created for the 12 million young people entering Africa’s labour force each year.3

The Haifa port, is one notable example. Here, the US Sixth Fleet and many IDF submarines often dock. Once China begins operating part of the port in 2021, it could set up cameras, gain access to radio and cellular networks, and, consequently, monitor US military activities and ship movements.

This puts US-Israel military ties in a tough situation. While the decision to allow Chinese presence in Haifa will boost Israel’s economic development, it shows Israel is prioritizing growth over collective security with the US.

American policymakers are skeptical of this choice. The US Senate’s National Defense Authorization Act for 2020 reflects these sentiments, bringing up “serious security concerns” about the Haifa Port deal with China. With the threat of Chinese surveillance, the US Navy may opt to avoid Haifa altogether.

But others argue there is no need to worry. Yigal Maor, director-general at the Transportation Ministry’s Administration of Shipping and Ports, believes China’s presence in Haifa poses little to no threat, pointing out that that China already has a presence in ports across the Western world, including a large terminal in Seattle.

Infrastructure investment also increases business confidence and draws in investments in other sectors, fosters innovation and productivity and lowers transaction costs, facilitating trade in goods and services and the transfer of talent.

The World Bank estimates that Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) gross domestic product (GDP) per capita growth would increase by 1.7 percentage points per annum if the region were to close the infrastructure gap (in terms of both quantity and quality) relative to the developing world median.4 This could also make growth in Africa more inclusive, alleviating poverty across the continent.

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Doesn't the light of a face print your voice between the sheets?

Your weight, your number and your measurement.

Does the baroque mass not represent the art of the fabric of the coherence of the day in its conscience, weaving among the consciences of others a reproduction of customs?

Its color.

There is both arch in the sky and membranous disk in the eye in each iris.

Isn't the plot in the warp the relationship in the substance?

Language, culture, people, religion or beliefs converge or diverge in the shredding of profiles as much as states and their spirits

You don't write history, boy, no government will be with you.

There is also shrapnel in the mentally retarded.

The people flatter their invalid, heartless.

The old prophet has a woman who is not his.

There is no good man, nor a watchman, but a man of confusion.

There is no beam that passes or safe value that are worth without concentric reverberation.

There are no adverbs in everything that unites us.

The chasm between what one wants to say and then says, and what the other understands or would like or not understand, is covered by three false bridges, lies, slavery or condescension

There is a fluid mechanic in the citizen who does not escape from the fluid mechanics of the city, whether his own or not, because the police and justice also need his bread and his onion.

There is a classic mechanic that is dismantled and articulated by parts that progress and return simultaneously or at the wrong time altogether.

Mounds of sadness press the earth to the testimony of the courtyard.

True light and voice navigate without lies or deception in "straight wave" from "all A" to "all B".

Artistic knowledge or technological knowledge, religious knowledge or political knowledge, scientific knowledge or linguistic knowledge converge in its metonymy during the metaphor and progress of a myth, a poem, an edict or an algorithm.

The erection of Islam is not a holy war but an abrupt, encasquillada and worn out fight:

The Jews also spend their good part of the barrier reason with their abuses of poisoned places and unfortunate wall.

We are not going anywhere, citizens, with you, neither East nor West are underway with you in their adjective pueriles.

And don't tell them where to go

but let them be seen in their channels of thought


between communication channels and distribution channels

from his city, in the world.


Their actions prevent them from returning to their God, because within them there is a spirit of prostitution engraved in their souls, in blood and fire.

The sense of a unique consciousness, a flowing consciousness, a consciousness that is cleansed, emerging from the mud of the vain, purifying itself to the metaphysical fire of uncontrolled fervor, giving both vigor in affliction and euphoria. 

Purity demands the predominance of the deep over the frivolous, of humility over vanity, of hardness over softness, of love over hate.

It is the fair warmth and joyful freshness in the bowels and not the wet and vain warmth of the head that deepens the veins of the soul.

Bow your head for the infinite condescension of God, to whom we could not unfasten (untie) either materially or formally, any of the straps of His Sandals (those of His).

The ontology is the adjective

The Truth is not the "thing in itself", but the Word.

There is no benefit, under the Sun.

Whoever sinks into the tribulation will be despised.

The rotten hypocrite that is not recognized or cleaned, will not be able to see either God or his Son or in full and warm light, let alone in the darkness of his fucking breaths and his rotten stomachs.

The prophets lie.

The conversion is apparent.

The theater rules.

the agoreros date 2033 as the day of the moon off, without sun.

"I feel fire in my kidneys, nothing is healthy on my body, the moaning of my heart is a roar, my heart beats, the forces leave me, and even the light of the eyes, they fail me" is what they will say, without the less cleaning, to the teacher,

from the choir.

OBOR 4.0

What does China hope to achieve?

China has both geopolitical and economic motivations behind the initiative. Xi has promoted a vision of a more assertive China, while slowing growth and rocky trade relations with the United States have pressured the country’s leadership to open new markets for its goods.

China’s colossal infrastructure investments may usher in a new era of trade and growth for economies in Asia and beyond. But skeptics worry that China is laying a debt trap for borrowing governments

A cyclist passes by construction cranes in Xi'an, China, a starting point of the New Silk Road. Zhang Peng/LightRocket via Getty Images

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), sometimes referred to as the New Silk Road, is one of the most ambitious infrastructure projects ever conceived. Launched in 2013 by President Xi Jinping, the vast collection of development and investment initiatives would stretch from East Asia to Europe, significantly expanding China’s economic and political influence.

Central Asia was thus the epicenter of one of the first waves of globalization, connecting eastern and western markets, spurring immense wealth, and intermixing cultural and religious traditions. Valuable Chinese silk, spices, jade, and other goods moved west while China received gold and other precious metals, ivory, and glass products. Use of the route peaked during the first millennium, under the leadership of first the Roman and then Byzantine Empires, and the Tang Dynasty (618–907 CE) in China.